Many thanks

Q: Is “Many thanks” correct?

A: Yes, “many thanks” is perfectly correct both grammatical and standard English. It is appropriate to use “thanks” or “thank you” would be acceptable.

According to “Cambridge – Advanced Learner’s Dictionary”:

Thanks: (plural noun) words or actions that show you are grateful or pleased about something

  • They expressed their thanks to the organisers.
  • He wrote a letter of thanks to the hospital.
  • Let us give thanks to God.


Intensive (Adj):
concentrated on a single area or subject or into a short time; very thorough or vigorous.​

Example: Because I have joint an intensive training program in IT for almost 2 years, it is why I have a good job today.


N-UNCOUNT Credit is a system where you pay for goods or services several weeks or months after you have received them.

Pay cash or buy on credit.

2 N-UNCOUNT If a person or their bank account is in credit, the bank account has money in it.

I made sure the account stayed in credit.

…the interest earned on a credit balance.

3 N-UNCOUNT If you get the credit for something good, people praise you because you are thought to be responsible for it.

Some of the credit for her relaxed manner must go to Andy.

4 VERB If people credit someone with an achievement, people say or believe that they were responsible for it.

The staff are crediting him with having saved Hythe’s life.

5 N-COUNT The credits refers to the list of people who helped to make a film, a record, or a television programme.

If you say that, to someone’s credit, they did something, you mean that they deserve praise for it.

To his credit, he had always opposed the use of violence.

If you have one or more achievements to your credit, you have achieved them.

I have countless magazine stories to my credit.

Citation and Referencing

Citations and References

Documenting your Sources

In your lab reports you will typically use information from sources such as your textbook, lab manual, a reference book, and articles published in a science or engineering journal. When you use information from sources, you need to tell the readers where the information came from and where the readers can locate the sources. This is what citations and references are for.

A citation tells the readers where the information came from. In your writing, you cite or refer to the source of information.

A reference gives the readers details about the source so that they have a good understanding of what kind of source it is and could find the source themselves if necessary. The references are typically listed at the end of the lab report.

There are many different forms of documentation (systems of citation and reference), varying across academic fields. You may be familiar with MLA (Modern Language Association) used in English or CBE (Council of Biological Editors) used in the life sciences. But even within academic fields there are different forms because different scholarly journals specify a system to be used in those journals.

Smart Advice: Find out what form of documentation is appropriate to use in your class before you write your first report. The best place to look is the lab manual. If you don’t see the form of documentation given there, then ask the lab instructor or the professor of the lecture section.

More smart advice: If you can’t find out from the lab manual or the teacher what form of documentation you should use, or if you are told to choose one on your own, find out what scholarly journal is appropriate to the field you are studying and use it as a guide to documentation. Find a recent copy of journal in the library or online. It will say what form that it uses (in the "guide to authors"). But you can also determine what to do by looking at how the citations and references are done in an article in the journal.

Generally speaking, there are three basic systems of documentation in science and engineering: the name-and-year system,the alphabet-number system, and the citation-order system. If your teacher says to use one of these systems, you can use the following brief descriptions to guide you in documenting sources:

The name-and-year system.

Citations: When you cite the source of information in the report, you give the names of the authors and the date of publication.

Jenkins and Busher (1979) report that beavers eat several kinds of herbaceous plants as well as the leaves, twigs, and bark of most species of woody plants that grow near water.

Beavers have been shown to be discriminate eaters of hardwoods (Crawford, Hooper, and Harlow 1976).

References: The sources are listed at the end of the report in alphabetical order according to the last name of the first author, as in the following book and article.

Crawford, H.S., R.G. Hooper, and R.F Harlow. 1976. Woody Plants Selected by Beavers in the Appalachian and Valley Province. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Jenkins, S.H., and P.E. Busher. 1979. Castor canadensis. Mammalian Species. 120:1-8.

The alphabet-number system.

Citations: When you cite the source of information in the report, you give a number in parentheses that corresponds to the number of the source in the alphabetical listing in the "References."

Jenkins and Busher report that beavers eat several kinds of herbaceous plants as well as the leaves, twigs, and bark of most species of woody plants that grow near water (4).

Beavers have been shown to be discriminate eaters of hardwoods (3).

References: The sources are listed in alphabetical order and numbered accordingly, as in the following book and article.

3. Crawford, H.S., R.G. Hooper, and R.F Harlow. 1976. Woody Plants Selected by Beavers in the Appalachian and Valley Province. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture.
4. Jenkins, S.H., and P.E. Busher. 1979. Castor canadensis. Mammalian Species. 120:1-8.

The Citation-Order System (typically used in engineering–IEEE documentation).

Citations: When you cite the sources of information in the report, you give a number in brackets that corresponds to the number of the source listed in the order in which they appear in the report, the source listed first as [1], the next source [2], etc.

Jenkins and Busher report that beavers eat several kinds of herbaceous plants as well as the leaves, twigs, and bark of most species of woody plants that grow near water [1].

Beavers have been shown to be discriminate eaters of hardwoods [2].

References: The sources are listed in the order in which they are cited in the report, as in the following book and article.

[1] S.H. Jenkins and P.E. Busher, "Castor canadensis,"Mammalian Species. Vol. 20, Jan. 1979.
[2] H.S. Crawford, R.G. Hooper, and R.F Harlow, Woody Plants Selected by Beavers in the Appalachian and Valley Province. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1976.

Documentation on the Internet:

Help for using the documentation system of the Council of Biological Editors (for life sciences). The source is the Writing Center at the University of Wisconsin.

Help for using the documentation system of the American Chemical Society (for chemistry classes). The source is the Lehigh University Library.

Students’ Guide to Preventing and Avoiding Plagiarism

Students’ Guide to Preventing and Avoiding Plagiarism

Merriam-Webster’s Online Dictionary defines Plagiarism using another’s words and ideas and passing them on as your own. Words, ideas, or knowledge are considered the Intellectual Property of the original author. U.S. Copyright Law protects the author. When others, including students, use an author’s work and present it as their own without giving proper credit, they are dishonest, and this leads to plagiarism. Over the past years, with the increase in the use of technology and the Internet to research and write term papers, students have discovered how much easier and faster it is cut and paste online information with little regard to citing sources. As a result, plagiarism is on the rise. Statistics from research and online plagiarism detection services, such as Plagiarism.Org, support this fact. See for more statistical information.

LIU Post plagiarism policies
Most educational institutions have codes of conduct that are in place to deal with academic honesty. Plagiarism is usually included in these policies. Following are the various policies currently in effect at the LIU Post Campus of Long Island University:

From the Student Handbook (2012-2013, p.40-41), "Academic Conduct"

"The following standards of academic conduct are designed to foster the highest ideals of academic integrity. These standards, or set of responsibilities, are intended to clarify expectations for students and instructors. Listed after each one is a description of activities that violate that standard. Adherence to these standards by all members of the campus community promotes excellence in teaching and learning." [Definitions and descriptions are adapted from the UCLA Statement of Academic Integrity in the Department of Student Affairs]

"Academic Respect for the Work of OthersPlagiarism: representing in any academic activity the words or ideas of another as one’s own (whether knowingly or in ignorance) without proper acknowledgement. This principle applies to texts published in print or on-line, to manuscripts, to your own work, and to the work of other students. Acts of plagiarism include but are not limited to:paraphrasing ideas, data, or writing (for instance, from web or online databases, books, periodicals, monographs, maps, charts, pamphlets, and other electronic sources), even if it constitutes only some of your written assignment, without properly acknowledging the source; or using someone’s words or phrases and embedding them in your own writing without using quotation marks and citing the source; orquoting material directly from a source, citing the source on the bibliography page, but failing to mark properly the author’s text or materials with quotation marks and a citation; or submitting as your own part of or an entire work produced by someone else;transferring and using another person’s computer file as your own; orobtaining papers, tests, and other assessment material from organizations or individuals who make a practice of collecting papers for resubmission; or using visual images, dance performances, musical compositions, theatrical performances, and other digital resources (PowerPoint presentations, etc.) as your own without proper acknowledgement."

"Academic Self-RespectFacilitating Academic Dishonesty: assisting another to cheat, fabricate, or plagiarize, including but not limited to:allowing another student to copy from you; or providing material or other information to another student with knowledge that such assistance could be used in any of the violations stated above (e.g., giving test information to students in other sections of the same course); or taking a quiz, exam, or similar evaluation in place of another person; orsigning on the attendance sheet the name of a student who is not present." "Academic HonestyCheating: Improper application of unauthorized materials, information, or study aids, including but not limited to:obtaining unauthorized prior knowledge of an examination or part of an examination; or using resources or instruments on academic tasks not explicitly permitted by the supervising instructor (e.g., textbook, notes, formula list, calculator, etc.); orusing any electronic device in an academic exercise or examination that is not explicitly authorized by the supervising faculty. This includes but is not limited to the Internet, cell phones, beepers, iPods, headphones, PDAs, and other wireless handheld devices; or altering an exam or paper after it has been graded and requesting a grade change; orcollaborating by sharing information or requesting assistance, when such collaboration has been explicitly prohibited by the instructor; or making use of another person’s data or work without proper citation in an assignment; orallowing another person to take a quiz, exam, or similar evaluation for you; orsubmitting work with identical or similar content in concurrent courses without permission of the instructors; or resubmitting a work that has already received credit with identical or substantially similar content in another course without consent of the present instructor." "Academic OriginalityFabrication: falsification or invention of any information or citation in an academic activity, including but not limited to:crediting source material that was not used for research; orpresenting results from research that was not performed; or altering data to support research; orpresenting fabricated excuses for missed assignments, tests, or classes; orfalsifying documents or records related to credit, grades, status, or other academic matters." "Academic FairnessSabotage: this is understood as stealing, concealing, destroying or inappropriately modifying classroom or other instructional material of another, such as posted exams, library materials, laboratory supplies, or computer programs."
From the Graduate Bulletin (2012-2013, p. 13-14), "Academic Irregularities"

"In cases of academic irregularities or dishonesty in examinations or class work, responsibility for disciplinary action is governed by the faculty policy contained in the Academic Conduct Policy. "Plagiarism and cheating are not only serious violations of the rules, but also may reflect adversely on the student’s reputation as well as on the reputation of the Campus. Faculty, administrators and the student body share responsibility for academic integrity. A student in violation of accepted academic procedures may be subject to disciplinary action, up to and including expulsion from the Campus. Faculty members will report to the Academic Dean any case of irregular or dishonest behavior that occurs in the class or in his or her observation. Students may likewise make such a report to the faculty member or dean. The Academic Dean will decide what disposition is to be made of the charges. Requests for appeals may be made to the Student/Faculty Appeals Board.

"In the case of a minor infraction that is the student’s first disciplinary offense, the Dean may authorize the faculty member to dispose of the charges, limiting the maximum penalty to failure in the course. The faculty member will make a report of the incident and the action taken to the dean and the Judicial Affairs Coordinator.

"In the case of a major infraction, or in the case of repeat academic offenses, the student may be subject to suspension or expulsion from the Campus. If current non-academic disciplinary action is pending for a student, further disciplinary action may result, up to and including expulsion from the Campus."

Review: What constitutes plagiarism?

  • Turning in another person’s work as your own, and this includes a paper from free website
  • Copying a paper, an excerpt, a paragraph, or a line from a source without proper acknowledgement (these can be from a print source, such as a book, journal, monograph, map, chart, or pamphlet, or from a nonprint source, such as the web and online databases
  • Taking materials from a source, supplying proper documentation, but leaving out quotation marks
  • Paraphrasing materials from a source without documentation of that source
  • Purchasing a paper from a research service or a commercial term paper mill
  • Sharing or swapping from a local source (from student papers that were previously submitted)
  • Creating invalid or faked citations

What will happen to you if you plagiarize?
You may have to:

  • Repeat the assignment
  • Fail the course
  • Face possible suspension

How can you avoid plagiarizing?
Acknowledge sources by giving credit. If you don’t, intentionally or not, it is plagiarism.

What are some sources that need to be credited or acknowledged?
Books, periodicals, pamphlets, charts, statistics, maps, interviews, television, radio, Internet, online databases, and many other types of material. When credit is properly attributed, you reduce the chance of plagiarizing.

Some tips on preventing plagiarism:
Be organized – from the onset of a research project, establish order while gathering information. This will help to alleviate confusion and problems, especially when the time comes for the bibliography, works cited, and reference pages to be prepared.

Use a note card to identify the following:

Source (citation) – common sources:Book: Author, Title, Publisher, Place and Year of publicationPeriodical: Author, Title of Article and Periodical, Year, Vol. Issue and Pages Internet: URL/Web Address, Author ,Title, and the Date site was accessed Quotes – note the page numbers, enclose quoted material in quotation marks, and include a link to the source. Paraphrasing/Summarizing – in your notes, indicate points and ideas in your own words and, again, create a parenthetical reference to the source. To cite, use the Citation Style page on the Library Homepage:


If the information is factual or well documented, (e.g. John F. Kennedy was a democrat), then it not imperative to cite. If the information requires credit or documentation, cite it. Information on the Internet, including research papers from paper mills, is available to all (student and professor). Professors are experts in their fields, and knowledgeable about current and past research.
If you need additional assistance consult:

Your professor The LIU Post Writing Center, located at; 299-2732, Humanities Hall, room 202. Tutorial Services on the web at
By adhering to the five principles of the ethos statement: "respect for oneself, respect for others, respect for property, respect for authority, and honesty," charges for ethical misconduct such as plagiarism can be prevented.

Plagiarism & Intellectual Property

Plagiarism:  noun. ការលួចយកនិពន្ធអ្នកដទៃ

pla·gia·rism: The practice of taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them off as one’s own.

Intellectual Property: noun. កម្មសិទ្ធិ​បញ្ញា

in·tel·lec·tu·al prop·er·ty: A work or invention that is the result of creativity, such as a manuscript or a design, to which one has rights and for which one may apply for a patent, copyright, trademark, etc.

patent: n. ប្រកាសនីយប័ត្រតក្កកម្ម, ប៉ាតង់, a government authority to an individual or organization conferring a right or title, esp. the sole right to make, use, or sell some invention

copyright:  noun. [u] សិទ្ធិអ្នកនិពន្ធ, the exclusive legal right, given to an originator or an assignee to print, publish, perform, film, or record literary, artistic, or musical material, and to authorize others to do the same

trademark:  n. និក្ខិត្ដសញ្ញា, a symbol, word, or words legally registered or established by use as representing a company or product